There are different types of sleep disorders. One of them is insomnia (sleeplessness) – sleep disorder characterized by difficulty / inability to sleep and / or maintaining sleep for a sufficient period. Insomnia can cause nervousness, morning tiredness, and difficulty of concentration, memory loss, headaches, daytime sleepiness and others. Insomnia happens to everyone at some stage of his life. Statistics show that two of every five people with sleep problems and over 10% have chronic insomnia. The incidence of insomnia increases with age; women are more often affected than men.
The condition can be short-term (last up to 3 weeks) or chronic (long-lasting).
Some causes of insomnia hide in our habits throughout the day or in the evening.
- Sleeping through the day
- Lack of physical activity
- Staying in bed for long time while not sleeping
- Not going to bed regularly each night
- Late night working
- Too much noise and light in the bedroom
- TV, computer or smartphone in the bedroom and using them before sleep
Other causes can be:
- Alcohol and smoking
- Diet pills
- Medications for cold and flu
- Caffeine in the evening
- Medications or herbs
- Inappropriate sleep medications
Social, physical and mental causes can be:
- Anxiety disorder
- Maniac depression
- Sort of physical pain and discomfort
What is the treatment of insomnia?
First it is important to review if there are any medical conditions which can cause insomnia.
Think about lifestyle and sleeping habits which can cause insomnia the so-called sleeping hygiene.
There is no specific test to diagnose insomnia. The treatment must be individual – tailored to each patient. It may include hygiene measures and other traditional means, behavioral therapy, medication (antihistamines, barbiturates, non-benzodiazepine and benzodiazepine hypnotics, antidepressants, melatonin). When we talk about treatment should be borne in mind that it depends largely on the causes of insomnia and only a specialist can review to determine proper treatment.