7. What are the characteristics of heart attack?
- Usually lasts more than 20 minutes and often lasts for hours.
Pain in the attack; however, continue around 15 minutes and very rarely a few minutes. In patients with diabetes and coronary heart diseases and adults can even occur without pain. Usually it is centrally located behind the breastbone. Pain is tightening, clamping, no-like chest discomfort. You can go to the left shoulder and arm to the neck to the upper abdomen or back.
8. What other symptoms accompany the heartache?
A feeling of shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, sweating, cold pale skin, feeling cold, shivering without fever, dizziness, vertigo, blackout before the eyes, fainting, sudden drop in blood pressure and / or a decrease in heart rate below 60 / min, with half the observed increase in heart rate to 110-120/min. and increased blood pressure, usually accompanied by strong feelings of fear and anxiety.
9. What should we do when suspect myocardial infarction?
• Ensure bed rest, and if the state shall be accompanied with a sense of lack of
air to raise the upper body with pillows and other handy tools if necessary to a sitting position.
• Provide fresh air and unhooked all clamping body clothes.
• Give the patient an aspirin tablet
• Cal 911
• The ability to measure blood pressure and pulse.
• If there have been previous similar crises, to ask how they are solved and give similar drugs – patients usually wear them in yourself.
• To provide a calming tablet preparation – relanium, leksotan.
• If the doctor does not come within half an hour and the condition deteriorates to provide own transportation to the hospital. Person with suspected acute myocardial infarction should be transferred or, failing that, to be supported to accommodate him in the car.
See the first 5 questions about heart attack!