Menopause marks the end of the reproductive capacity of women. This is a natural phenomenon and usually occurs between 45 and 55 years of age.
However, in some cases the symptoms of menopause occur before that age. This condition may result from other medical condition such as premature ovarian failure, autoimmune diseases, chromosomal abnormalities and infections such as tuberculosis and mumps.
Several procedures for treatment, including radiation therapy, chemotherapy, ligation of the fallopian tubes, surgical removal of the uterus and fallopian tube surgery can also cause premature onset of menopause. Other factors may include stress, smoking and genetics.
Menopause, especially early menopause is undoubtedly embarrassing condition that can affect health and our lives in many ways. Woman’s body goes through many changes during menopause. The ovaries begin to secrete fewer hormones and stop producing eggs. These changes naturally contribute to the development of several physical and emotional symptoms.
Following five are most common in women who undergo early menopause:
1. Changes in menstrual cycle
Irregular menstruation is one of the most common symptoms of early menopause. Due to reduced ovulation and changing levels of hormones, many women with menstrual cycle becomes irregular or even coming in some months, while not completely stop the attainment of full menopause. The cycle may be more abundant or less, and the interval between two menstrual and may become shorter and longer.
As already pointed out, menopause is the end of reproductive life of women and, unfortunately, even in early menopause is no longer possible to conceive a child.
3. Vaginal changes
Vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy are also among the five symptoms of early menopause. They are due to reduced production of estrogen in the body.
Low levels of estrogen can dry vagina, make it thinner and less elastic, which in turn can affect our sex life. Sex can be painful and brings less pleasure. However, there are different ways to avoid vaginal dryness and enhance sexual performance.
4. Hot flashes and night sweats
This is another common symptom of early menopause. As the name suggests, these are sensations of heat that occur spontaneously and are usually most intense in the chest, neck and face. The frequency of hot flashes can vary from several times a week to several times each day. There are various medicines and herbs that can help to control hot flashes. Some women experience night sweats and that impede their healthy sleep.
5. Headache and emotional problems
Headache is very common among women who experience early menopause. Woman may experience a number of emotional symptoms such as anxiety, sudden mood changes, irritability, low self-esteem, depression and blurred mind.