Even though eczema is not highly dangerous it may cause serious discomfort.
Most types of eczema make the skin red, swollen and itchy but it is not contagious. Different factors such as diseases, irritating substances or allergies may cause eczema.
Typical symptoms of eczema are intense itching and red and bumpy rash. If the one who has eczema scratches the skin it may ooze and become crusty. That may lead to painful cracks on the skin’s surface.
The rash can appear almost anywhere on the body but the most common locations are flexures of the legs, flexures of the arms and the neck.
Atopic dermatitis is the most common type of eczema. It causes dryness and itchiness to the skin. It is believed that this kind of disease is genetically inherited. Another factors that can cause atopic dermatitis are: lotions or harsh soaps, solvents, rough wool clothing, rubbing, low humidity, repeated wetting and drying of the skin etc.
Some types of eczema can be prevented by avoiding the irritants and things the person is allergic to. If you have eczema which makes you feel too uncomfortable to do daily activities as working or sleeping, you should consult with a specialist.